The recommended daily dose for the treatment and prevention of recurrent DVT or PE in adults is 150mg twice daily, following treatment with a parenteral anticoagulant for minimum of 5 days.
Treatment benefit and risk of bleeding should be taken into consideration when determining the duration of therapy. Treatment courses of at least 3 months should be based on transient risk factors such as recent surgery, trauma, immobilisation and those of longer durations should be based on permanent risk factors or idiopathic DVT or PE.
Treatment of DVT and PE
In two randomised, double-blind studies (RE-COVER and RE-COVER II) in patients with acute DVT and/or PE, oral dabigatran (150mg twice daily) was non-inferior to warfarin in reducing the occurrence of the primary endpoint (defined as a composite of recurrent symptomatic DVT and/or PE and related deaths within the 6-month treatment period).
Prevention of recurrent DVT and PE
Two randomised, double-blind studies enrolled patients previously treated with anticoagulation therapy, warfarin for 3 to 12 months in RE-MEDY and vitamin K inhibitors for 6 to 18 months in RE-SONATE.
Dabigatran 150mg twice daily was superior to its comparators in both studies for the prevention of recurrent symptomatic DVT or PE events: warfarin (HR 1.44, 95% CI 0.78-2.64, p=0.01) and placebo (HR 0.08, 95% CI 0.02-0.25, p<0.0001) .
Dabigatran is also licensed for the prevention of venous thromboembolic events in adults who have undergone elective total hip or knee replacement surgery (75mg and 110mg capsules only), and for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation and ≥1 additional risk factor (110mg and 150mg capsules only).
Further information: Boehringer Ingelheim