Travellers should be up to date with routinely recommended vaccinations according to the routine UK immunisation programme.
Vaccination could be considered for travellers whose activities put them at increased risk, including those visiting friends and relatives, and frequent or long-stay travellers to areas where sanitation and food hygiene are likely to be poor.
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities put them at increased risk, including those who are staying with or visiting the local population, frequent and/or long-stay travellers to areas where sanitation and food hygiene are likely to be poor, adventure travellers visiting rural areas and staying in basic accommodation, those with existing medical conditions such as liver disease or haemophilia, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, and those going to areas of hepatitis A outbreaks who have limited access to safe water and medical care.
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, including those who may have unprotected sex, those who may be exposed to contaminated needles (eg, through injecting drug use or receiving medical or dental care), those who may be exposed to blood or body fluids through their work (eg, health workers), long-stay travellers, those who are participating in contact sports and families adopting children from this country.
Rabies has not been reported in domestic or wild animals in this country but bats may carry bat lyssavirus (bat rabies). Vaccination is recommended for travellers whose activities put them at increased risk, including those at risk due to their work (eg, those working with bats).
Travellers should have completed a primary vaccination course according to the UK schedule. If travelling to a country where medical facilities may be limited, a booster dose of a tetanus-containing vaccine is recommended if the last dose was more than ten years ago even if five doses of vaccine have been given previously.
Vaccination recommended for travellers at increased risk of developing severe disease and/or of exposure to TB, including unvaccinated children under 16 years of age who are going to live for more than 3 months in this country and unvaccinated, tuberculin skin test negative individuals under 35 years of age at risk because of their work (eg, healthcare workers, prison staff and vets).