Antibiotic Treatments in Adults, Summary of Regimens

Dose regimens for common bacterial infections.

Remind yourself of treatment regimens for common bacterial infections in adults, using the MIMS table of recommended antibiotics and doses.

The table is organised according to organ system and further divided into types of infections:

  • Central nervous system: Meningococcal disease
  • Ear, nose and throat (ENT): Acute diffuse otitis externa, acute sinusitis, dental abscess (including severe or spreading infection), sore throat (pharyngitis, tonsillitis)
  • Eye: Acute infective conjunctivitis
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) tract: Acute diverticulitis (mild, uncomplicated), gastroenteritis, H. pylori
  • Genital tract: Acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) with low or high risk of gonococcal infection, acute uncomplicated gonorrhoea, bacterial vaginosis, uncomplicated chlamydia (including in pregnancy and lactation)
  • Respiratory tract: Acute bronchitis, acute cough, acute exacerbation of¬†bronchiectasis (non-cystic fibrosis),¬†community-acquired pneumonia including severe infection, and¬†exacerbation of COPD including in patients with risk factors for antibiotic resistance
  • Skin and soft tissue: Cellulitis or erysipelas, animal and human bites, diabetic foot infection, impetigo (localised non-bullous infection and extensive, severe or bullous infection or if impractical to use topical therapy) and leg ulcer infection
  • Urinary tract: Acute bacterial prostatitis, acute pyelonephritis (including in pregnancy), uncomplicated lower UTI (including in pregnancy) and recurrent UTI

For each infection, the antibiotic of choice, the dosage and frequency, the duration of treatment and formulation (oral, im injection, intraocular, intravaginal) are given. The ENT, GI, respiratory, skin and soft tissue sections also give alternative antibiotic options in the case of penicillin allergy. Antibiotic names link through to full MIMS entries for more detailed prescribing information on each product.

A notes section provides useful additional advice, such as in which cases of infection antibiotics are not actually recommended or prescribing should be delayed.

Treatment options and adult dosages are derived from NICE CKS, HPA Management of Infection Guidance for Primary Care for Consultation and Local Adaptation 2013 and product SPCs.

Go to the MIMS antibiotics table

Want news like this straight to your inbox?
Sign up for our bulletins

Have you registered with us yet?

Register now to enjoy more articles and free email bulletins

Register
Already registered?
Sign in

More from MIMS

New antibiotic guidance for leg ulcer infection

New antibiotic guidance for leg ulcer infection

NICE has issued guidance on antibiotic choices and...

New insertion site for Nexplanon following safety concerns

New insertion site for Nexplanon following safety concerns

The MHRA has amended its advice relating to the long-acting...

Antibiotic Treatments in Adults, Summary of Regimens

Antibiotic Treatments in Adults, Summary of Regimens

Dose regimens for common bacterial infections.

Beta blocker overdose warning for GPs

Beta blocker overdose warning for GPs

The toxicity of a commonly prescribed beta blocker...