Antibiotic Treatments in Adults, Summary of Regimens

Dose regimens for common bacterial infections.

Remind yourself of treatment regimens for common bacterial infections in adults, using the MIMS table of recommended antibiotics and doses.

The table is organised according to organ system and further divided into types of infections:

  • Central nervous system: Meningococcal disease
  • Ear, nose and throat (ENT): Acute diffuse otitis externa, acute otitis media, acute sinusitis, dental abscess (including severe or spreading infection), sore throat (pharyngitis, tonsillitis)
  • Eye: Acute infective conjunctivitis
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) tract: Acute diverticulitis (mild, uncomplicated), gastroenteritis, H. pylori
  • Genital tract: Acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) with low or high risk of gonococcal infection, acute uncomplicated gonorrhoea, bacterial vaginosis, uncomplicated chlamydia (including in pregnancy and lactation)
  • Respiratory tract: Acute bronchitis, community-acquired pneumonia including severe infection, exacerbation of COPD including in patients with risk factors for antibiotic resistance
  • Skin and soft tissue: Acute cellulitis including mild facial infection, animal and human bites, Impetigo (localised non-bullous infection and extensive, severe or bullous infection or if impractical to use topical therapy)
  • Urinary tract: Acute bacterial prostatitis, acute pyelonephritis (including in pregnancy), uncomplicated lower UTI (including in pregnancy).

For each infection, the antibiotic of choice, the dosage and frequency, the duration of treatment and formulation (oral, im injection, intraocular, intravaginal) are given. The ENT, GI, respiratory, skin and soft tissue sections also give alternative antibiotic options in the case of penicillin allergy. Antibiotic names link through to full MIMS entries for more detailed prescribing information on each product.

A notes section provides useful additional advice, such as in which cases of infection antibiotics are not actually recommended or prescribing should be delayed.

Treatment options and adult dosages are derived from NICE CKS, HPA Management of Infection Guidance for Primary Care for Consultation and Local Adaptation 2013 and product SPCs.

Go to the MIMS antibiotics table

Want news like this straight to your inbox?
Sign up for our bulletins

Have you registered with us yet?

Register now to enjoy more articles and free email bulletins

Already registered?
Sign in

Register or Subscribe to MIMS

GPs can get MIMS print & online and GPonline for free when they register online – take 2 minutes, and make sure you get your free MIMS access! If you're not a GP, you can subscribe to MIMS for full access.

Register or subscribe

MIMS Dermatology

Read the latest issue online exclusively on MIMS Learning.

Read MIMS Dermatology

MIMS Adviser

Especially created for prescribing influencers.

Request free copy

Mobile apps

MIMS: access the full drug database and quick-reference tables on the go

MIMS Diagnosis and Management: concise information on signs and symptoms, investigations and diseases