Travellers should be up to date with routinely recommended vaccinations according to the routine UK immunisation programme.
Vaccination recommended for all previously unvaccinated travellers. Hepatitis A vaccine is well tolerated and affords long-lasting protection.
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, including those who may have unprotected sex, those who may be exposed to contaminated needles (eg, through injecting drug use or receiving medical or dental care), those who may be exposed to blood or body fluids through their work (eg, health workers), long-stay travellers, those who are participating in contact sports and families adopting children from this country.
Vaccination recommended for travellers who are at increased risk due to their work (eg, health workers or those working with animals).
Vaccination is recommended for travellers aged 9 months and older travelling to the island of Trinidad, except as mentioned below.
Vaccination is generally not recommended for travellers whose itineraries are limited to the urban areas of the capital city of Port of Spain, cruise ship passengers who do not disembark from the ship and aeroplane passengers in transit, but could be considered for a small subset of travellers to such areas who are at increased risk because of:
- Prolonged travel
- Heavy exposure to mosquito bites
- Inability to avoid insect bites.
Vaccination is not recommended for travellers whose itineraries are limited to the island of Tobago.
International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) ) required if arriving from a country with a risk of yellow fever transmission or having transited through an airport of a risk country.
- applies to children from 12 months.
If a receiving country requires an ICVP as a condition of entry, and the individual should not receive the vaccine on medical grounds, a letter of medical exemption can be considered.
Travellers should have completed a primary vaccination course according to the UK schedule. If travelling to a country where medical facilities may be limited, a booster dose of a tetanus-containing vaccine is recommended if the last dose was more than ten years ago even if five doses of vaccine have been given previously.