Tajikistan

Malaria and travel vaccination advice for Tajikistan.

MALARIA

1. Areas below 2000m, from June until October:

There is a risk of malaria.

Recommended adult regimen:

Proguanil 200mg daily plus chloroquine base 310mg (2 tablets) or 300mg (30ml of 50mg/5ml syrup) weekly. Begin one week before travel to affected area and continue for four weeks after leaving.

Alternative regimen:

Healthcare professionals only may check with the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) on 0845 6026712 (Mon, Fri, 9.00-11.00am & 1.00-2.00pm; Tue, Wed, Thur, 9.00-11.00am & 1.00-3.30pm; closed on Bank Holidays).

2. Areas >2000m:

There is no risk of malaria. Advise mosquito bite avoidance.

VACCINATIONS

Travellers should be up to date with routinely recommended vaccinations according to the routine UK immunisation programme.

Typhoid
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities put them at increased risk, including those visiting friends and relatives, those in contact with an infected person, young children, long-stay travellers, and those visiting areas of poor sanitation.

Hepatitis A
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities put them at increased risk, including those who are staying with or visiting the local population, frequent and/or long-stay travellers to areas where sanitation and food hygiene are likely to be poor, adventure travellers visiting rural areas and staying in basic accommodation, those with existing medical conditions such as liver disease or haemophilia, men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, and those going to areas of hepatitis A outbreaks who have limited access to safe water and medical care

Hepatitis B
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, including those who may have unprotected sex, those who may be exposed to contaminated needles (eg, through injecting drug use or receiving medical or dental care), those who may be exposed to blood or body fluids through their work (eg, health workers), long-stay travellers, those who are participating in contact sports and families adopting children from this country.

Rabies
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities put them at increased risk, including those at risk due to their work (eg, health workers or those working with animals), those travelling to areas where access to post-exposure treatment and medical care is limited, those planning higher risk activities such as running or cycling, and long-stay travellers.

Cholera
Vaccination recommended for travellers whose activities or medical history put them at increased risk, including aid workers and travellers those going to areas of cholera outbreaks who have limited access to safe water and medical care.

Tetanus
Travellers should have completed a primary vaccination course according to the UK schedule. If travelling to a country where medical facilities may be limited, a booster dose of a tetanus-containing vaccine is recommended if the last dose was more than ten years ago even if five doses of vaccine have been given previously.

Tuberculosis
Vaccination recommended for travellers at increased risk of developing severe disease and/or of exposure to TB, including unvaccinated children under 16 years of age who are going to live for more than 3 months in this country and unvaccinated, tuberculin skin test negative individuals under 35 years of age at risk because of their work (eg, healthcare workers, prison staff and vets).

Further information

Abbreviated information provided by the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC). Refer to the Tajikistan page on travelhealthpro.org.uk for full details.


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